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    BULLYING INFORMATION AND FACTS

    DEFINITION

    Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:

    An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.

    Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.

    TYPES OF BULLYING
    • Verbal Bullying
    • Social Bullying
    • Physical Bullying
    • Cyber Bullying

    Visit the Stop Bullying Website for more information and details on types of bullying.

    SIGNS OF BULLYING
    • Signs a child may be being bullied:
      • Unexplainable injuries
      • Lost or destroyed clothing or personal items
      • Frequent headaches or stomach aches, feeling sick, or faking illness
      • Changes in eating habits
      • Difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmares
      • Declining grades, loss of interest in schoolwork, or not wanting to go to school
      • Sudden loss of friends or avoidance of social situations
      • Feelings of helplessness or decreased self esteem
      • Self-destructive behaviors such as running away from home, harming themselves, or talking about suicide
    • Signs a child may be bullying others
      • Get into physical or verbal fights
      • Have friends who bully others
      • Are increasingly aggressive
      • Get sent to the principal’s office or to detention frequently
      • Have unexplained extra money or new belongings
      • Blame others for their problems
      • Don’t accept responsibility for their actions
      • Are competitive and worry about their reputation or popularity
    • EFFECTS OF BULLYING

      Kids who are bullied can experience negative physical, school, and mental health issues. Kids who are bullied are more likely to experience:

      • Depression and anxiety
      • Increased feelings of sadness and loneliness
      • Changes in sleep and eating patterns
      • Loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy.
      • Health complaints
      • Decreased academic achievement and school participation
      • They are more likely to miss, skip, or drop out of school.

      Kids who bully others can also engage in violent and other risky behaviors into adulthood. Kids who bully are more likely to:

      • Abuse alcohol and other drugs in adolescence and as adults
      • Get into fights, vandalize property, and drop out of school
      • Engage in early sexual activity
      • Have criminal convictions and traffic citations as adults
      • Be abusive toward their romantic partners, spouses, or children as adults

      Kids who witness bullying are more likely to:

      • Have increased use of tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs
      • Have increased mental health problems, including depression and anxiety
      • Miss or skip school

      All information on this page is from the U.S. Government website Stop Bullying. Visit the Stop Bullying website for additional information and resources.